Eastern Wood-Pewee Species Dossier

by Carl Strang

This week’s species dossier consists of my observations of a neotropical migrant flycatcher, the eastern wood-pewee. This bird is our common small woodland nesting flycatcher, working mainly in the lower canopy and shrub layer, leaving the upper canopy to its larger relative, the great crested flycatcher.

Wood-Pewee, Eastern

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Eastern Wood-Pewee

Forages typical flycatcher fashion from all levels, but mainly mid-canopy. Calls “peewee,” slurring the second syllable downward in pitch, then up. Also “peeurr,” slurring all smoothly down.

18JE80. A nest found in Pennsylvania was a neatly woven cup, very similar to the red-eyed vireo’s, in a low understory plant.

1JL90. West DuPage Woods Forest Preserve. Pair of pewees mobbing a blue jay. Swooped at it as it foraged in low to mid canopy of high trees on hilltop above river. Another jay flew in, both jays gave “kee-tuck-tuck” (ool-ool) call and bowed (a greeting? Seemed that way). One of the jays moved on, both pewees stayed with the other as long as it was on the hilltop, then they stayed behind. Almost every time the jay changed perches, the pewees flew to stay with it (perching nearby, usually behind it), often swooping past just as the jay landed, coming within 2 inches of it and snapping their bills at the closest point of the swoop. Sometimes the jay responded by opening beak and snapping back at them.

28AP99. First of season noted at Willowbrook. Last of spring migration 28MY.

3SE99. First migrant noted at Willowbrook. Last of year there on 22SE.

18JE00. Arboretum near Joy Path. A pewee foraged for a time within the canopies of trees not far from the leafy twig-ends, frequently moving from perch to perch and from tree to tree. Then for a span of at least 10 minutes it stayed on one perch, a dead oak branch that extended into a fairly large subcanopy space. It continued calling frequently throughout, with occasional sallies. I did not observe prey handling, but on one sally I could see the small, slow-flying insect it caught, and it had swallowed the prey before returning to the perch. The calls were nearly all “peewee’s,” but an occasional “peeurr” was thrown into the mix (less than 5%). No move to go to a nest in 20 minutes of foraging between 8 and 9a.m. A pewee was foraging in the same spot 16 days ago.

28JL01. Pewees at White Pines State Park have switched to the “peeurr” call.

23MY02. Suddenly, many pewees have appeared, at Willowbrook and elsewhere. First of year.

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